Tag Archives: Tutorial

Setting up an email server on a RaspberryPI (Postfix+Dovecot+MariaDB+Roundcube)

There’s a few things in this journey that you should be aware of when running your own mailserver before we begin.

  1. Invest in a static public IP
  2. Don’t open mail relay
  3. Leverage proper DNS records to help mitigate your email from being marked spam
  4. Leverage something to scrub your email
  5. Don’t open mail relay
  6. Don’t open mail relay
  7. Verify your domain or IP address hasn’t been placed on a blacklist from a previous owner

In my career in doing IT, handling email is one of the most tidiest tasks to setup/maintain due to so many moving pieces; many of which may be out of your control. Dealing with spam, blacklisting, having emails non-deliverable for several reasons, handling dns records, certificates, etc…. it’s sometimes worth paying a few extra bucks to have someone else host your email and have peace of mind the message will be delivered. That being said, if you have the extra time on your hands and like the challenge of solving problems, here’s a quick way to get started.

Preamble

This guide took me several hours to compile through trial and error. If you have any thoughts, notice any errors/typos, or have ideas on how to further secure/optimize, please leave feedback below to further improve this guide. Thank you and good luck on the deployment of your mail server!

Assumptions

  • You have previously followed my guide on building a LEMP stack
  • You are running Ubuntu or Debian as per the above guide (you can still follow this guide, you may have to slightly change which commands you use for your distribution — configuration should remain the same though)

DNS

Let’s first start at getting your DNS records configured properly. This guide will talk about configuring MX, SPF, and PTR records. We won’t be covering Domain Keys in this article, maybe in a separate article if someone donates to my paypal on the right side of the website ūüėČ

MX Record

Via your nameservers, add a new mx record for your domain name. Here’s a list of tutorials for some of the major domain registrars:

SPF Record

Contrary to many websites that say you need to create a “SPF” record type, the SPF record type was never ratified by RFC standards. In this case, the proper way to create a SPF record is via a TXT record with the SPF value (as per RFC 7208).

You can leverage my SPF generator to create a new TXT record in the root of your domain.

PTR Record

To help decrease the odds of your emails being labeled as spam, I’d recommend creating a PTR record that will resolve your IP address to a DNS name (we call this a reverse lookup). For example, if my mail server’s domain name was mail.mydomain.com and it resolved to 123.123.123.123, I would create a PTR record for 123.123.123.123 that points to mail.mydomain.com.

In many cases, you will need to either work with your ISP (Internet Service Provider) or domain registrar if you own your own IP block to make changes to the record for your IP address block.

When you are ready, you can leverage the nslookup command on Windows to validate the name from the IP address.

nslookup 123.123.123.123

Or on linux you can leverage the host command to verify the reverse lookup as well:

host 123.123.123.123

Get the OS ready

Download the latest packages and actually perform any updates.

sudo sh -c 'apt update && apt upgrade'

Prepare MariaDB for virtual users/aliases

One of the primary reasons we need to configure a database is it is what will contain the information about all of our users and their corresponding email addresses (aliases). To do so, we need to create 3 new tables inside of a new database.

Login to the database

sudo mariadb -u root -p

Create the database, database user, and tables

Create a new database for our users (in this case, I’m calling the database mailserver). Note: This command must be run in the context of mariadb, this is not a bash command.

create database mailserver;

Create a new user called mailuser, grant them access to the entire database, require the user to only create connections from 127.0.0.1 (localhost), and specify a password for the user.

GRANT SELECT ON mailserver.* TO 'mailuser'@'127.0.0.1' IDENTIFIED BY 'mysupersecretpassword';

Execute the following command to apply the changes

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Create a table for each of the domain names we will leverage for our email addresses.

CREATE TABLE `mailserver`.`virtual_domains` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `name` varchar(50) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

Create a table that will hold each of the users that will need mailboxes.

CREATE TABLE `mailserver`.`virtual_users` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `domain_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `password` varchar(106) NOT NULL,
  `email` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  UNIQUE KEY `email` (`email`),
  FOREIGN KEY (domain_id) REFERENCES virtual_domains(id) ON DELETE CASCADE
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

Create a table that will hold aliases (additional email addresses) for a particular user.

CREATE TABLE `mailserver`.`virtual_aliases` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `domain_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `source` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `destination` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`),
  FOREIGN KEY (domain_id) REFERENCES virtual_domains(id) ON DELETE CASCADE
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

Insert a new user into the database

First, we need to add our first domain name into the domains table

INSERT INTO `mailserver`.`virtual_domains`
  (`name`)
VALUES
  ('mydomain.com');

Second, we need to create the user. Replace mysupersecretpassword with your password.

INSERT INTO `mailserver`.`virtual_users`
  (`domain_id`, `password` , `email`)
VALUES
  ('1', ENCRYPT('mysupersecretpassword', CONCAT('$6$', SUBSTRING(SHA(RAND()), -16))), '[email protected]');

Third, we can optionally specify an alias (secondary email address) for the user.

INSERT INTO `mailserver`.`virtual_aliases`
  (`domain_id`, `source`, `destination`)
VALUES
  ('1', '[email protected]', '[email protected]');

Type exit once you are done to leave the context of MariaDB.

Install Packages for Postfix and Dovecot

Postfix is what we call a Mail Transport Agent (MTA) and is responsible for actually sending/receive the messages from the internet. Later, we will talk about Dovecot which will be our MDA (Mail Delivery Agent) (what actually interacts with the mailbox).

The following command will install postfix, dovecot, and pull the packages to interact with MySQL. Although these are labeled MySQL, they should interact fine with MariaDB.

sudo apt-get install postfix postfix-mysql dovecot-core dovecot-imapd dovecot-lmtpd dovecot-mysql

During the installation of Postfix, you will be prompted to configure the connection type to the mail server. In this case, select Internet for the mail configuration.

On the second installation prompt, it will ask for the domain name used in receiving email. In this prompt, specify one of the domain names you will be using for your users. For example, if your email addresses are going to be [email protected] you would specify mydomain.com for this prompt. Don’t worry if you have multiple email addresses, we will cover that later on.

Configure Postfix to leverage MariaDB

First, let’s create a backup of the Postfix configuration, so we have a baseline to refer back to.

sudo cp /etc/postfix/main.cf /etc/postfix/main.cf.bak

Copy the following configuration and replace the domain name example.com with yours. Credit to linode for sharing their configuration as it not only defines integration into a database, but also hardens the Postfix deployment.

# See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version

# Debian specific:  Specifying a file name will cause the first
# line of that file to be used as the name.  The Debian default
# is /etc/mailname.
#myorigin = /etc/mailname

smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name
biff = no

# appending .domain is the MUA's job.
append_dot_mydomain = no

# Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings
#delay_warning_time = 4h

readme_directory = no

# TLS parameters
smtpd_tls_cert_file=/etc/letsencrypt/live/mydomain.com/fullchain.pem
smtpd_tls_key_file=/etc/letsencrypt/live/mydomain.com/privkey.pem
smtpd_use_tls=yes
smtpd_tls_auth_only = yes
smtp_tls_security_level = may
smtpd_tls_security_level = may
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous, noplaintext
smtpd_sasl_tls_security_options = noanonymous

# Authentication
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes

# See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
# information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.

# Restrictions
smtpd_helo_restrictions =
        permit_mynetworks,
        permit_sasl_authenticated,
        reject_invalid_helo_hostname,
        reject_non_fqdn_helo_hostname
smtpd_recipient_restrictions =
        permit_mynetworks,
        permit_sasl_authenticated,
        reject_non_fqdn_recipient,
        reject_unknown_recipient_domain,
        reject_unlisted_recipient,
        reject_unauth_destination
smtpd_sender_restrictions =
        permit_mynetworks,
        permit_sasl_authenticated,
        reject_non_fqdn_sender,
        reject_unknown_sender_domain
smtpd_relay_restrictions =
        permit_mynetworks,
        permit_sasl_authenticated,
        defer_unauth_destination

# See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
# information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.

myhostname = example.com
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
mydomain = mydomain.com
myorigin = $mydomain
mydestination = localhost
relayhost =
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::ffff:127.0.0.0]/104 [::1]/128
mailbox_size_limit = 0
recipient_delimiter = +
inet_interfaces = all
inet_protocols = all

# Handing off local delivery to Dovecot's LMTP, and telling it where to store mail
virtual_transport = lmtp:unix:private/dovecot-lmtp

# Virtual domains, users, and aliases
virtual_mailbox_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-domains.cf
virtual_mailbox_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-users.cf
virtual_alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-aliases.cf,
        mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-users.cf

# Even more Restrictions and MTA params
disable_vrfy_command = yes
strict_rfc821_envelopes = yes
#smtpd_etrn_restrictions = reject
#smtpd_reject_unlisted_sender = yes
#smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient = yes
smtpd_delay_reject = yes
smtpd_helo_required = yes
smtp_always_send_ehlo = yes
#smtpd_hard_error_limit = 1
smtpd_timeout = 30s
smtp_helo_timeout = 15s
smtp_rcpt_timeout = 15s
smtpd_recipient_limit = 40
minimal_backoff_time = 180s
maximal_backoff_time = 3h

# Reply Rejection Codes
invalid_hostname_reject_code = 550
non_fqdn_reject_code = 550
unknown_address_reject_code = 550
unknown_client_reject_code = 550
unknown_hostname_reject_code = 550
unverified_recipient_reject_code = 550
unverified_sender_reject_code = 550

Next, we need to create the mappings of domain names, users, and aliases. In the same directory as the main.cf (/etc/postfix) we need to first create a file that will tell postfix how to lookup what domain names exist. You can open the documents with your favorite text editor; I use vi since it’s universally installed.

sudo vi /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-domains.cf

Press i to get vi into insert mode and paste the following, replacing the password with the mailuser we specified earlier in this tutorial.

user = mailuser
password = mysupersecretpassword
hosts = 127.0.0.1
dbname = mailserver
query = SELECT 1 FROM virtual_domains WHERE name='%s'

Press : and then type wq and press enter to write the changes to the file and quit in vi.

Next, we will create another file that is used to lookup each user’s mailbox.

sudo vi /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-users.cf

Press i to get vi into insert mode and paste the following, replacing the password with the mailuser we specified earlier in this tutorial.

user = mailuser
password = mysupersecretpassword
hosts = 127.0.0.1
dbname = mailserver
query = SELECT email FROM virtual_users WHERE email='%s'

Press : and then type wq and press enter to write the changes to the file and quit in vi.

Last, we will create another file that is used to map an alias to a user’s mailbox.

sudo vi /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-aliases.cf

Press i to get vi into insert mode and paste the following, replacing the password with the mailuser we specified earlier in this tutorial.

user = mailuser
password = mysupersecretpassword
hosts = 127.0.0.1
dbname = mailserver
query = SELECT destination FROM virtual_aliases WHERE source='%s'

Press : and then type wq and press enter to write the changes to the file and quit in vi.

Restart the Postfix service for the changes to take effect

sudo service postfix restart

Next, to enable port 587 and 465 to connect securely with email clients, we need to modify /etc/postfix/master.cf. First, let’s create a backup of the master.cf file.

sudo cp /etc/postfix/master.cf /etc/postfix/master.cf.bak

Next, we need to modify the master.cf file. Modify the document (mostly uncomment many of the lines) to look similar to the code below.

sudo vi /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-aliases.cf
submission inet n       -       y       -       -       smtpd
  -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_sasl_type=dovecot
  -o smtpd_sasl_path=private/auth
  -o smtpd_tls_auth_only=yes
  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
smtps     inet  n       -       y       -       -       smtpd
  -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_sasl_type=dovecot
  -o smtpd_sasl_path=private/auth
  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING

Press : and then type wq and press enter to write the changes to the file and quit in vi.

Restart the Postfix service for the changes to take effect

sudo service postfix restart

Configure Dovecot

Now that we have our MTA configured, we now need to configure our MDA. You can think of Postfix as a shipping center and Dovecot as the courier, who interfaces directly with your mailbox. Roundcube will be our MUA (mail user agent) that interfaces with Dovecot to display your mail. The goal for this section is to ensure Dovecot requires SSL.

First, we’ll create backups of each of the Dovecot configuration files

sudo cp /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf.orig
sudo cp /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf.orig
sudo cp /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf.orig
sudo cp /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext.orig
sudo cp /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf.orig
sudo cp /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-ssl.conf /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-ssl.conf.orig

Execute the following command to enable support for imap and lmtp (pop3 can be added, but ensure you install the dovecot-pop3d package).

sudo sed -i '/^\!include_try \/usr\/share\/dovecot\/protocols.d\/\*.protocol/a protocols=imap lmtp' /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf

Next, we need to edit /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf to define where mailboxes are stored. Execute the following commands:

sudo sed -i 's/mail_location = mbox.*/mail_location = maildir:\/var\/mail\/vhosts\/%d\/%n\//g' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf
sudo sed -i 's/^#mail_privileged_group = mail/mail_privileged_group = mail/g' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf

Next, we need to make directories for each of your domain names. Execute the following command for each of your domain names.

sudo mkdir -p /var/mail/vhosts/example.com

Now we need to create a user and group called vmail, assigned with an id of 5000, and set the directory with the owner of vmail

sudo groupadd -g 5000 vmail
sudo useradd -g vmail -u 5000 vmail -d /var/mail
sudo chown -R vmail:vmail /var/mail

Next we need to edit the user authentication file (/etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf) to tell Dovecat to leverage MariaDB for our users. Execute the following commands:

sudo sed -i 's/^#disable_plaintext_auth = yes/disable_plaintext_auth = yes/g' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf
sudo sed -i 's/^#auth_mechanisms = plain login/auth_mechanisms = plain login/g' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf
sudo sed -i 's/^!include auth-system.conf.ext/#!include auth-system.conf.ext/g' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf
sudo sed -i 's/^#!include auth-sql.conf.ext/!include auth-sql.conf.ext/g' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf

Once we have the authentication file configured, we need to update the sql driver (/etc/dovecot/conf.d/auth-sql.conf.ext) to point to our mailboxes. You will need to uncomment the passdb section and uncomment the userdb driver that is static.

sudo vi /etc/dovecot/conf.d/auth-sql.conf.ext

Press i to get vi into insert mode and paste the following configuration

# Authentication for SQL users. Included from 10-auth.conf.
#
# <doc/wiki/AuthDatabase.SQL.txt>

passdb {
  driver = sql

  # Path for SQL configuration file, see example-config/dovecot-sql.conf.ext
  args = /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext
}

# "prefetch" user database means that the passdb already provided the
# needed information and there's no need to do a separate userdb lookup.
# <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.Prefetch.txt>
#userdb {
#  driver = prefetch
#}

#userdb {
#  driver = sql
#  args = /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext
#}

# If you don't have any user-specific settings, you can avoid the user_query
# by using userdb static instead of userdb sql, for example:
# <doc/wiki/UserDatabase.Static.txt>
userdb {
  driver = static
  args = uid=vmail gid=vmail home=/var/mail/vhosts/%d/%n
}

Press : and then type wq and press enter to write the changes to the file and quit in vi.

The final Dovecot file we need to modify will set our database settings (/etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext). Execute the following commands to uncomment the correct settings. Note: be sure to replace the password with the database password we configured earlier.

sudo sed -i 's/^#driver = /driver = mysql/g' /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext
sudo sed -i 's/^#connect =/connect = host=127.0.0.1 dbname=mailserver user=mailuser password=mysupersecretpassword/g' /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext
sudo sed -i 's/^#default_pass_scheme = MD5/default_pass_scheme = SHA512-CRYPT/g' /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext
sudo sed -i '/^#password_query = \\/i password_query = SELECT email as user, password FROM virtual_users WHERE email=\x27%u\x27;' /etc/dovecot/dovecot-sql.conf.ext

After making the changes to the dovecot-sql.conf.ext file, next we need to change the owner and the group of the dovecot folder to the vmail user:

sudo chown -R vmail:dovecot /etc/dovecot
sudo chmod -R o-rwx /etc/dovecot 

Next, we need to disable the unencrypted versions of IMAP and SMTP.

sudo vi /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf

We need to edit the /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf file and set ports to 0 to disable non-encrypted imap/pop3. Find service imap-login { and make it look like the following.

service imap-login {
  inet_listener imap {
    port = 0
  }
  inet_listener imaps {
    port = 993
    ssl = yes
  }

  # Number of connections to handle before starting a new process. Typically
  # the only useful values are 0 (unlimited) or 1. 1 is more secure, but 0
  # is faster. <doc/wiki/LoginProcess.txt>
  #service_count = 1

  # Number of processes to always keep waiting for more connections.
  #process_min_avail = 0

  # If you set service_count=0, you probably need to grow this.
  #vsz_limit = $default_vsz_limit
}

service pop3-login {
  inet_listener pop3 {
    port = 0
  }
  inet_listener pop3s {
    port = 995
    ssl = yes
  }
}

In the same file, find service lmtp { and replace the whole block down to the third } with the following:

service lmtp {
  unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/dovecot-lmtp {
    mode = 0600
    user = postfix
    group = postfix
  }

  # Create inet listener only if you can't use the above UNIX socket
  #inet_listener lmtp {
    # Avoid making LMTP visible for the entire internet
    #address =
    #port =
  #}
}

In the same file, find service auth { and replace the whole block down to the third } with the following:

service auth {
  # auth_socket_path points to this userdb socket by default. It's typically
  # used by dovecot-lda, doveadm, possibly imap process, etc. Users that have
  # full permissions to this socket are able to get a list of all usernames and
  # get the results of everyone's userdb lookups.
  #
  # The default 0666 mode allows anyone to connect to the socket, but the
  # userdb lookups will succeed only if the userdb returns an "uid" field that
  # matches the caller process's UID. Also if caller's uid or gid matches the
  # socket's uid or gid the lookup succeeds. Anything else causes a failure.
  #
  # To give the caller full permissions to lookup all users, set the mode to
  # something else than 0666 and Dovecot lets the kernel enforce the
  # permissions (e.g. 0777 allows everyone full permissions).
  unix_listener auth-userdb {
    mode = 0600
    user = vmail
    #group =
  }

  # Postfix smtp-auth
  unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/auth {
    mode = 0600
    user = postfix
    group = postfix
  }

  # Auth process is run as this user.
  user = dovecot
}

In the same file, find service auth-worker { and replace the whole block down to the } with the following:

service auth-worker {
  # Auth worker process is run as root by default, so that it can access
  # /etc/shadow. If this isn't necessary, the user should be changed to
  # $default_internal_user.
  user = vmail
}

Press : and then type wq and press enter to write the changes to the file and quit in vi.

Last, we need to tell dovecot where our SSL certificate is for encryption. We will modify the /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-ssl.conf file. Make sure to update the directory with the correct path for your certificates.

Execute the following commands, replacing

sudo sed -i 's/^ssl = yes/ssl = required/g' f
sudo sed -i 's/^ssl_cert = .*/ssl_cert = <\/etc\/letsencrypt\/live\/mydomain.com\/fullchain.pem/g' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-ssl.conf
sudo sed -i 's/^ssl_key = .*/ssl_key = <\/etc\/letsencrypt\/live\/mydomain.com\/privkey.pem/g' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-ssl.conf

Last, restart devocot to enable all of our changes.

sudo service dovecot restart

Configure Roundcube

Install dependencies for Roundcube

Roundcube requires several PHP PEAR modules. To install the bare minimum featureset, execute the following command:

sudo apt-get install php7.3-mbstring php-pear php-net-idna2 php-net-smtp  php-mail-mime

Create a database for Roundcube

First, we need to create a new database and user for Roundcube. We can do this by logging into MariaDB and executing the create and grant commands.

sudo mariadb -u myusername -p
CREATE DATABASE roundcubemail CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON roundcubemail.* TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'myreallyreallysecretpassword';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit

Request SSL Certificates for Roundcube

We will want to ensure all traffic to and from the client is encrypted in transit when trying to access Roundcube. To do this, I leverage Let’s Encrypt, which will allow you to request a free SSL certificate. If you have your own SSL certificate, go ahead and copy it to a location on the server so we can reference it later.

sudo apt-get install certbot
sudo certbot certonly --authenticator standalone webmail.mydomain.com --pre-hook "service nginx stop" --post-hook "service nginx start"

Create a directory for Roundcube

We will need to create a directory that will hold Roundcube’s files to serve to the web. Let’s create a new directory to serve these files and limit permissions to www-data.

sudo mkdir /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com

Copy Roundcube Files to the web directory

We will need to grab the latest copy of Roundcube’s code to run the website. Note: please ensure you substitute the correct version for Roundcube when executing the commands below as the version listed in the guide will likely be out of date as time goes on:

cd /tmp
wget https://github.com/roundcube/roundcubemail/releases/download/1.4.1/roundcubemail-1.4.1.tar.gz
tar -xf roundcubemail-1.4.1.tar.gz
mv roundcubemail-1.4.1 /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com

Populate the SQL Database

You will need to execute the following SQL command to populate your Roundcube database with the tables needed to run Roundcube. To do so, execute the following commands.

sudo mariadb roundcubemail < /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com/SQL/mysql.initial.sql

Install Roundcube dependencies

Roundcube doesn’t ship with several javascript dependencies. To ensure the Roundcube pages load properly, you will need to execute the following command to pull down the javascript dependencies.

sudo php /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com/bin/install-jsdeps.sh

Configure NGINX

Let’s configure NGINX to point to our web directory for the website. When doing so, it is very important you protect your installation by preventing access to some sensitive files from the web.

First, create a virtual-host file within the nginx sites-available folder:

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/webmail.mydomain.com

Press i to get vi into insert mode and paste the following. Note: Please replace the values with the path to your SSL Certificate we generated earlier.

##
# You should look at the following URL's in order to grasp a solid understanding
# of Nginx configuration files in order to fully unleash the power of Nginx.
# https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/
# https://www.nginx.com/resources/wiki/start/topics/tutorials/config_pitfalls/
# https://wiki.debian.org/Nginx/DirectoryStructure
#
# In most cases, administrators will remove this file from sites-enabled/ and
# leave it as reference inside of sites-available where it will continue to be
# updated by the nginx packaging team.
#
# This file will automatically load configuration files provided by other
# applications, such as Drupal or WordPress. These applications will be made
# available underneath a path with that package name, such as /drupal8.
#
# Please see /usr/share/doc/nginx-doc/examples/ for more detailed examples.
##

# Default server configuration
#

server {
        listen 443 ssl;
        listen [::]:443 ssl;
        server_name webmail.mydomain.com;

ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/webmail.mydomain.com/fullchain.pem;
  ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/webmail.mydomain.com/privkey.pem;
  ssl_session_timeout 1d;
  ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m;
  ssl_session_tickets off;
  ssl_protocols TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
  ssl_ciphers 'ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-DSS-AES128-GCM-SHA256:kEDH+AESGCM:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:DHE-DSS-AES128-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-DSS-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!DES:!RC4:!3DES:!MD5:!PSK';
  ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
  ssl_stapling on;
  ssl_stapling_verify on;
  ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/webmail.mydomain.com/chain.pem;


        # SSL configuration
        #
        # listen 443 ssl default_server;
        # listen [::]:443 ssl default_server;
        #
        # Note: You should disable gzip for SSL traffic.
        # See: https://bugs.debian.org/773332
        #
        # Read up on ssl_ciphers to ensure a secure configuration.
        # See: https://bugs.debian.org/765782
        #
        # Self signed certs generated by the ssl-cert package
        # Don't use them in a production server!
        #
        # include snippets/snakeoil.conf;

        root /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com;

        # Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
        index index.php index.html index.htm;

       # Revoke access to sensitive files and directories
       location ~ ^/(README|INSTALL|LICENSE|CHANGELOG|UPGRADING)$ {
                deny all;
       }
       location ~ ^/(config|temp|bin|SQL|logs)/ {
                deny all;
       }

        # pass PHP scripts to FastCGI server
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
                include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
        #
        #       # With php-fpm (or other unix sockets):
                fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;
        #       # With php-cgi (or other tcp sockets):
        #       fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        }

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        location ~ /\. {
                deny all;
                access_log off;
                log_not_found off;
       }
}

Press : and then type wq and press enter to write the changes to the file and quit in vi.

Last, we need to create a link of the virtual host file to /etc/nginx/sites-enabled. You will need to execute the following commands to create the link as well as restart nginx to apply the changes.

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/webmail.mydomain.com /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/webmail.mydomain.com
sudo service nginx restart

Run the Roundcube installer

At this point, if you navigate to https://webmail.mydomain.com/installer, you should see the Roundcube Webmail Installer page. You should see a series of items show OK, NOT AVAILABLE, or NOT OK. You will need to remediate any items that show NOT OK for Roundcube to successfully run.

In this installer, I primarily focused on Step 1 (Checking the environment) and Step 2 (Checking the database). Once both show OK (don’t worry about if email is successful or fails (likely it is failing still), move the installer directory to your home drive to secure the environment (IT IS VERY DANGEROUS TO LEAVE THIS PAGE!!! DON’T SKIP THIS STEP).

sudo mv /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com/installer ~

Update Roundcube configuration

I couldn’t get Roundcube to actually work during the installation with this setup until I manually specified a few items via the Roundcube configuration file. Within the /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com/config/config.inc.php file, ensure you have the following code snippets to allow Roundcube to properly authenticate to your mailserver.

sudo vi /var/www/webmail.mydomain.com/config/config.inc.php

Ensure you have the following code snippets (typically there is a section under // IMAP that has the config we can start with). To do so, press i to get vi into insert mode and paste the following.

$config['default_port'] = 993;
$config['default_host'] = 'imaps://localhost';
$config['mail_domain'] = '%d';
$config['imap_conn_options'] = array(
 'ssl'         => array(
     'verify_peer'       => true,
     'verify_peer_name' => false,
  ),
);

// SMTP
$config['smtp_server'] = 'ssl://localhost';
$config['smtp_port'] = 465;
$config['smtp_auth_type'] = 'LOGIN';
// Required if you're running PHP 5.6 or later
$config['smtp_conn_options'] = array(
    'ssl' => array(
        'verify_peer'      => true,
        'verify_peer_name' => false,
    ),
);

Press : and then type wq and press enter to write the changes to the file and quit in vi.

Verify

At this point, you should be able to login to https://webmail.mydomain.com and send/receive email!

As with all technology, ensure you keep up-to-date with all the latest security patches to keep your environment stable and secure.

If you made it to this point, were able to successfully send/receive mail via Roundcube, pat yourself on the back and grab a fine beverage!

Troubleshooting

Here are some useful commands to help troubleshoot your deployment.

sudo postqueue -p can be used to check if any pending emails are queued.

sudo postmap -q mydomain.com mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-domains.cf can be used to validate what domain names are accepted. You should receive the value of 1 if it exists.

sudo postmap -q [email protected] mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-users.cf will validate if a user account exists with the specified email address. You should receive the value of the email address of the user if it exists.

sudo postmap -q [email protected] mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-mailbox-aliases.cf can be used to validate the alias of an email address. You should receive the email address of the user account if it does map back to another user.

tail -f /var/log/mail.log can be useful watching how emails are handled by postfix/dovecot to troubleshoot how messages are being handled

Roundcube installation instructions (documentation): https://github.com/roundcube/roundcubemail/wiki/Installation

[Tutorial] Using Azure Hybrid Connection Manager to reach resources on-premises without VPN Connections

One of the hidden gems of Azure is HCM (Hybrid Connection Manager), which addresses the issue of Azure’s App Services (Web App, API App, Functions) having the ability to connect to resources hosted in other Azure environments, clouds, or on-premises. In many cases, VPN or ExpressRoute connectivity may be overkill or not a possibility in establishing connectivity to the requested service. The great thing is Hybrid Connections is all the traffic will be egress TCP 443 traffic to Azure via TLS 1.2, which can easily attest to the needs of many secured environments and not require ports to be opened inbound into the environment.

There are two ways to leverage Hybrid Connections for App Services in Azure:

  1. Via WCF Hybrid Relays
  2. Via Hybrid Connections

For the purposes of this article, we are going to cover how to connect to a web service “on-premises” via the HCM Agent. While we are using a Web App as an example, keep in mind that this concept can be applied to all App Services such as Web Apps, API Apps, Logic Apps, and Azure Functions. In addition, this article will make a call to a web service on-premises, however keep in mind that HCM is able to connect to any TCP service such as MSSQL, MySQL, Oracle, Web Services, custom TCP service, mainframes, etc.

Tutorial

To begin, we will first deploy a Web App from the Azure Portal to give us access to the Hybrid Connection Manager blade. Note: You can leverage any App Service to create the hybrid connection manager instance, but you must be on a paid tier (Free tier will not work).

  1. Login to the Azure Portal (portal.azure.com)
  2. Select All services -> App Services -> click + Add
  3. Fill out the required information, ensuring you are on a plan greater than Free. Select Review + create and Create

Once deployed, navigate to your Web App, select Networking, and click on Configure your hybrid connection endpoints

On the Hybrid connections screen, click on Download connection manager.

Note: This is the agent you will need to install in the environment that contains the service you are trying to access. The agent itself can be deployed on any machine as long as the machine can access the service you are trying to reach.

Installation of the agent is very straightforward. Complete the steps below.

    1. Select HybridConnectionManager.msi
    2. Read the EULA, select I accept the terms in the License Agreement, and click Install
    3. Click Finish

Once installed, navigate back to the Azure Portal (portal.azure.com), click All services -> App Services -> Select your webapp, click Networking, select Configure your hybrid connection endpoints, and click Add hybrid connection.

Click Create new hybrid connection and enter the following:

  • Hybrid connection Name
    • MyService
  • Endpoint Host
    • IPAddress or DNSNameOfTheService
  • Endpoint Port
    • PortNumberofYourService
  • Servicebus namepsace
    • Create new
  • Location
    • Pick the location of the Azure region you want to go to
  • Name
    • Enter a unique name for the service bus resource that will be created. This is a globally unique name accross all of Azure and must only consist of lowercase letters, numbers, and hyphens.

Click OK once you have filled out the information above. Once Azure has created the connection, navigate back to the machine you installed the agent on. On the machine, click Start, HybridConnectionManager, and select Hybrid Connection Manager UI.

Once the agent has launched, select Add a new Hybrid Connection.

This will prompt you to enter your Azure credentials. Enter your credentials in the prompt.

Note: if the machine is locked down and cannot leverage javascript, you can close out of the sign-in window and select Enter Manually on the previous step. Back in the Azure Portal, you can select your connection and copy the “Gateway Connection String” to connect this agent to Azure.

Once you have authenticated click the Subscription dropdown to select your Azure Subscription, select the connection you created via the portal, and click Save.

Once Saved, you should see the connection we created via the Azure Portal with the Azure Status of “Connected”. If you don’t see “Connected”, double check you don’t have a proxy blocking outbound TCP 443 requests to the Service Bus instance we created earlier (azurehcmdemo.servicebus.windows.net).

Note: To help with resiliency, you can deploy multiple agents on different machines to ensure resiliency/availability/scalability. When you select the same connection endpoint, HCM will automatically begin to load balance traffic between the agents.

Once you see the agent connected on-premises, you can validate from the Azure Portal we see the agent is connected as well. Via All services -> App Services -> your app service -> Networking -> Configure your hybrid connection endpoints, you should see “Connected” via the Status column on your Hybrid connections blade.

At this point, within your application, you should be able to reference the contents of the on-premises machine via the same connection string you may have used before. Below I’ve added an example showing an on-premises IIS server that displays the text “Moo” when you browse to the web page. Via my Web App in Azure, I created a quick PHP script that will request the on-premises server, in which HCM on the App Service will place the request on a Service Bus queue, the HCM agent on-premises will pull down the request, forward the request to the Web App on-premises, place the response back on the queue, and the web app will display the result “Moo”.

Hope this helps! If you have any questions or comments feel free to reach out below.

Helpful Links/Sources

Azure Friday Video showing an example of this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_zAJZC_8Yk

Azure documentation on Hybrid Connections: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/app-service/app-service-hybrid-connections

How to enable logging/debug HCM: https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/waws/2017/06/26/troubleshooting-hybrid-connections-with-logging/

[Tutorial] How to install IIS on Server 2012 and Server 2012 R2

Here is a tutorial on how to install IIS on Server 2012 and Server 2012 R2.  The installation process for this is very straight forward and does not differ much from Server 2008 R2.  This guide will only go over the basic install, additional configuration of IIS is outside the scope of this tutorial.  Before beginning, you can choose to install IIS via PowerShell or the GUI.  Either option will result with the exact same configuration.

PowerShell

  1. Open an elevated PowerShell console
    Server 2012 - PowerShell - Run as Administrator
  2. Execute the following command
    1. Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server, Web-Mgmt-Tools
      PowerShell - Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server Web-Mgmt-Tools

      1. Note: Web-Mgmt-Tools is optional, but in most instances added to get the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager GUI snap-in to manage IIS

GUI

  1. Open Server Manager
    Server Manager
  2. Click on ManageAdd Roles and Features
    Server 2012 - Manage - Add Roles and Features
  3. Click Next > on the Before You Begin screen
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Before you begin
  4. Click Next > on the Installation Type screen
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Select installation type
  5. Click Next > on the Server Selection screen
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Confirm installation selections - Restart the destination server automatically if required
  6. Select Web Server (IIS) from the list on Server Roles and click on the Add Features button once prompted.  Click Next >
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Add features that are required for web server iis
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Server Roles - Web Server IIS
  7. Click Next > on the Features screen
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Features - Default
  8. Click Next > on the Web Server Role (IIS) screen
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Web Server Role IIS
  9. Click Next > on the Role Services screen
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Web Server Role IIS - Role Services
  10. Click Install on the Confirmation screen
    Add Roles and Features Wizard - Web Sever Role - Confirmation

System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager ‚Äď Deploying Endpoint Protection

This guide is in continuation to my guide on deploying system center 2012 r2 configuration manager, as found here.

In this tutorial, we will cover basic deployment/configuration of Endpoint Protection to client workstations. ¬†This tutorial is largly based off of user anyweb’s guide on windows-noob.com ¬†Make sure to give him some credit over on his forum ūüôā¬†Adding the Endpoint Protection role, configure Alerts and custom Antimalware Policies

Definition

Per the following Technet article (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh508781.aspx) Endpoint Protection in System Center 2012 Configuration Manager provides security, antimalware, and Windows Firewall management for computers in your enterprise.

When you use Endpoint Protection with Configuration Manager, you have the following benefits:

  • You can configure antimalware policies and Windows Firewall settings to selected groups of computers, by using custom antimalware policies and client settings.
  • You can use Configuration Manager software updates to download the latest antimalware definition files to keep client computers up-to-date.
  • You can send email notifications, use in-console monitoring, and view reports to keep administrative users informed when malware is detected on client computers.

Creating Endpoint Protection Hierarchy via Folders

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. On the Assets and Compliance pane, select Device Collections, and then right click and select Create Folder
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Device Collections - New Folder
  3. Enter Endpoint Protection for the folder name and click OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Device Collections - New Folder - Endpoint Protection
  4. Select your Endpoint Protection folder under Device Collections and create two more folders called Endpoint Protection Managed Clients and Endpoint Protection Managed Servers
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Device Collections - Endpoint Protection Managed Clients-Servers

Create Device Collections to categorize devices managed by SCCM

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. On the Assets and Compliance pane, select Device Collections, Endpoint Protection Managed Clients, and right click select Create Device Collection
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Endpoint Protection Managed Clients - Create Device Collection
  3. Enter Endpoint Protection Managed Desktops for the name and then a comment describing what the group will hold (Desktops in this example), and then click Browse…
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Create Device Collection - Managed Desktops
  4. Select All Systems and click OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Create Device Collection - Managed Desktops - Select Collection
  5. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Create Device Collection - Managed Desktops - All Systems
  6. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Create Device Collection - Membership Rules
  7. Click OK on the dialog box explaining we have set no rules
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Create Device Collection - Membership Rules - Dialog
  8. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Create Device Collection - Summary
  9. Click Close
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Create Device Collection - Completion
  10. Repeat steps 2-9 to create another group for Laptops
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Endpoint Protection Managed Clients - Desktops and Laptops
  11. Select Endpoint Protection Managed Servers and repeat steps 2-9 to create the following groups
    1. Note: This step is optional, this i more for organization. ¬†If you don’t have all of these services/servers deployed in your environment, you don’t have to create these Collections.
      1. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – Configuration Manager
      2. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – DHCP
      3. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – Domain Controller
      4. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – Exchange
      5. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – File Server
      6. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – Hyper-V
      7. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – IIS
      8. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – Operations Manager
      9. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – SharePoint
      10. Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – SQL Server
        System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Assets and Compliance - Endpoint Protection Managed Servers

Enable the Endpoint Protection Role

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Select Administration, Site Configuration, Servers and Site System Roles, and right click on your Primary site and select Add Site System Roles
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Servers and Site System Roles - Add Site System Roles
  3. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - General
  4. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - Proxy
  5. Check Endpoint Protection point
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Endpoint Protection point
  6. Click OK on the Configuration Manager dialog
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Endpoint Protection point - Confirm
  7. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Endpoint Protection point - Checked
  8. Check I accept the Endpoint Protection license terms and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Endpoint Protection - Accept EULA
  9. Check Advanced membership and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Microsoft Active Protection Service

    1. Note: MAPS can be joined with a basic or an advanced membership. Basic member reports contain the information described above. Advanced member reports are more comprehensive and may include additional details about the software Endpoint Protection detects, including the location of such software, file names, how the software operates, and how it has impacted your computer. These reports, along with reports from other Endpoint Protection users who are participating in MAPS, help Microsoft researchers discover new threats more rapidly. Malware definitions are then created for programs that meet the analysis criteria, and the updated definitions are made available to all users through Microsoft Update.  See http://technet.microsoft.com/library/hh508835.aspx for full details.
    2. My thoughts on this are to go with Advanced. ¬†If you are using the AV product, may as well help contribute towards making the product detect anomalies more accurately¬†(I’ll turn my Microsoft fan-boyness off now :))
  10. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - Summary
  11. Click Close
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - Completion

 Configuring Endpoint Protection Alerting

  1. Email Alerting
  2. Device Collection Alerting

Configure SUP for Endpoint Protection

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Select Administration, Overview, Site Configurion, Sites and select Settings, Configure Site Components, Software Update Point
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Configure Site Components - SUP
  3. Select the Products tab and then check Forefront Endpoint Protection 2010 and click OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Software Update Point Components Properties - Forefront Endpoint Protection 2010
  4. Select Software Library, expand Software Updates and right click on All Software Updates and select Synchronize Software Updates
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Software Library - Software Updates - All Software Updates - Synchronize Software Updates
  5. Click Yes on the Run Synchronization dialog box
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Run Synchronization - check SMS_WSUS_SYNC_MANAGER for component status

Configure SUP to deliver Definition Updates using an Automatic Deployment Rule

  1. Create a new shared folder called EndpointProtection in your WSUS directory
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - EndpointProtection Folder
  2. Share the folder with the Everyone group
    1. Right click on the folder and select Properties
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - EndpointProtection Folder - Properties
    2. Select the Sharing tab and then click the Share… button
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - EndpointProtection Folder - Properties - Sharing
    3. Type Everyone and then click Add.  Ensure the Permission level is Read and then click Share
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - EndpointProtection Folder - Properties - Sharing - Everyone
  3. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  4. Select Software Library, Expand Overview, Software Updates, and select Automatic Deployment Rules.  Right click and select Create Automatic Deployment Rule
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Software Library - Software Updates - Automatic Deployment Rules - Create
  5. Enter in a Name and Description for your Automatic Deployment Rule and then click on the Browse… button
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - General
  6. Select one of the Device Collections we made prior back and then click OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - General - Select Collection
  7. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - General - Collection
  8. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Deployment Settings
  9. Check Date Released or Revised and and Product, set Date Released or Revised to Last 1 day and Product to Forefront Endpoint Protection 2010 and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Software Updates
  10. Check Run the rule on a schedule, click the Customize… button, and then select 1 days at 12:00AM, and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Software Updates - Custom Schedule
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Evaluation Schedule
  11. Set Time based on UTC and set Installation deadline As soon as possible and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Deployment Schedule
  12. Check Servers on Device restart behavior (this will prevent a server from restarting from an update), and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - User Experience
  13. Check Generate an alert when the following conditions are met and click Next >
    1. NOTE: This is an optional step.  If you would like to set an alert to be triggered when X% of your clients do not have the latest virus definitions, use this option.  If you do not wish to be alerted leave the box unchecked and click Next >  In this particular example, after 15% of the clients have virus definitions out of date will receive an alert.
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Alerts
  14. Check Download software updates from distribution point and install, check Download and install software updates from the fallback content source location, and click Next >
    1. Optionally, you can check If software updates are not available on preferred sitribution point or remote distirbution point, download content from Microsoft Update, to always ensure your client has a source to download the latest virus defitions.
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Download Settings
  15. Enter Endpoint Protection Definition Updates for the Name, the following Description: This new deployment package will contain our Endpoint Protection defition updates.  We will run this automatic deployment rule only once and then retire it.  We do this in order to create the Deployment Package.  In the next automatic deployment rule we will select this package instead of creating a new deployment package., and type in the share path to your sccm folder (\\sccm\EndpointProtection).  Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Deployment Package
  16. Click Add, Distribution Point
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Deployment Package - Distribution Points
  17. Check your site and click OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Deployment Package - Distribution Points - Add
  18. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Deployment Package - Distribution Points - Added
  19. Ensure Download software updates from the Internet is checked and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Download Location
  20. Check the languages you want to support and then click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Language Selection
  21. Click Save As Template…, click Browse… and enter Endpoint Protection Managed Servers and click Save
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Summary
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Summary - Save as Template
  22. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Summary - Next
  23. Click Close
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Create Automatic Deployment Rule Wizard - Endpoint Protection - Completion
  24. Right click on your Endpoint Protection rule and select Disable
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Software Library - Software Updates - Automatic Deployment Rules - Endpoint Protection - Disable
  25. Repeat steps 3-23, using Endpoint Protection Managed Servers as a template in Step 4 for each of the Device Collection groups we created.
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Software Library - Software Updates - Automatic Deployment Rules - Endpoint Protection Rules

Configure custom antimalware policies

In this section we will configure how Endpoint Protection will function on the client machines.

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Select Assets and Compliances, Endpoint Protection, and then click the Create Antimalware Policy button
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview - Endpoint Protection - Antimalware Policies - Create
  3. Set a Name and Description for your Endpoint Protection Antimalware Policy, and then check each of the boxes for the options you wish to configure.  Go through each of the tabs and customize how you wish the agent to run.  Then click OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview - Endpoint Protection - Antimalware Policies - Create - General
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview - Endpoint Protection - Antimalware Policies - Create - Definition updates
  4. Right click on your custom policy and click Deploy
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview - Endpoint Protection - Antimalware Policies - Deploy
  5. Select the group you wish to target (in this case, configuration manager), and click OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview - Endpoint Protection - Antimalware Policies - Deploy - Select Collection

Configure Custom Device Settings

In this section we will configure the client policy to tell the machine it is managed by Endpoint Protection.

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Select Administration, Client Settings, and then click on Create Custom Client Device SettingsSystem Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview - Client Settings - Create Custom Client Device Settings
  3. Enter in a Name (Custom Client Device Settings – Endpoint Protection Managed Servers – Configuration Manager), Description (Custom client device settings for servers related to configuration manager), and check Endpoint Protection
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview - Client Settings - Create Custom Client Device Settings - General Tab
  4. On the Endpoint Protection tab use the following settings and then click OK
    1. Manage Endpoint Protection client on client computeres: Yes
      Allow Endpoint Protection client installation and restarts outside maintenance windows.  Maintenance windows must be at least 30 minutes long for client installation: Yes
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview - Client Settings - Create Custom Client Device Settings - Endpoint Protection Tab
  5. Right click on your new Custom Client Device Settings policy and select Deploy
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Client Settings - Deploy Custom Client Device Settings
  6. Select the group of machines you want to deploy the agents to and select OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Client Settings - Deploy Custom Client Device Settings - Select Collection

Verify the client shows the policy

  1. Open the Endpoint Protection agent and select About
    System Center Endpoint Protection Client - About
  2. Verify you see your custom antimalware policy
    System Center Endpoint Protection Client - About - Custom Antimalware Policy

System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager – Client Web Service Point and Deploying the SCCM Agent

This guide is in continuation to my guide on deploying system center 2012 r2 configuration manager, as found here.

This guide will go over installing the Application Catalog to allow users to choose software they may wish to download and install (that you have already approved), configuring the SCCM client options, deploying the client, and verifying the client has been installed.

Configuring Application Catalog

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Click on Administration in the bottom left corner
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration
  3. Expand Site Configuration and select Sites and right click on your site and select Add Site System Roles
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles
  4. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles Wizard - General
  5. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles Wizard - Proxy
  6. Check Application Catalog Web Service Point, Application Catalog Website Point, and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - ACWSP
  7. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - ACWSP - HTTP

    1. NOTE: If you have a PKI environment, go ahead and check HTTPS and hit Next > to encrypt your network traffic
  8. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - ACWSP IIS
  9. Enter your Organization name, select a Website theme, and click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - ACWP
  10. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Summary
  11. Click Close
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Site Configuration - Sites - Add Site System Roles Wizard - Completion
  12. Verify you can access the website from a remote machine (you will need Silverlight in order to browse the page)
    1. https://sccm.mydomain.com/cmapplicationcatalog
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - cmapplicationcatalog

 Configuring SCCM Agent Settings

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Click on Administration in the bottom left corner
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration
  3. Click Client Settings, right click on Default Client Settings, select Properties
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Client Settings
  4. Select Computer Agent and then click on the Set Website… button near Default Application Catalog website point
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Client Settings - Default Settings - Computer Agent
  5. Select the value that matches your intranet FQDN and click OK
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Client Settings - Default Settings - Computer Agent - Configure Client Settings
  6. Select Yes under Add default Application Catalog website to Internet Explorer trusted site zone
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Client Settings - Default Settings - Computer Agent - IE Trusted sites
  7. Click on Software Updates and schedule software updates to happen every 1 days
    1. NOTE: We want software updates to scan every day to deploy Endpoint Protection (antivirus) defitions to all of our clients.  If you will not be using Endpoint Protection, you may want to leave this at 7 days or however frequently you wish to push updates.
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Client Settings - Default Settings - Software Updates - Daily
  8. Click on User and Device Affinity and set Allow user to define their primary devices to Yes
    1. NOTE: What is User Device Affinity?  User device affinity in Microsoft System Center 2012 Configuration Manager is a method of associating a user with one or more specified devices. User device affinity can eliminate the need to know the names of a user’s devices in order to deploy an application to that user. Instead of deploying the application to all of the user’s devices, you deploy the application to the user. Then, user device affinity automatically ensures that the application install on all devices that are associated with that user.  More info can be found here: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg699365.aspx
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Client Settings - Default Settings - User and Device Affinity - Yes
  9. Click OK

Preparing deployment credentials to install SCCM Agent to clients

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Click on Administration in the bottom left corner
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration
  3. Select Site Configuration, Sites, and then click Settings->Client Installation Settings->Client Push Installation
  4. Check Enable automatic site-wide client push installation and check all options to under System types to cover all machines in your environment
    1. NOTE: This step is optional.  If you wish to manually deploy the SCCM client every time you add a machine to your environment, leave this option unchecked.
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Client Installation Settings - Client Push Installation Properties
  5. Select the Accounts tab and then click the yellow star and select New Account
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Client Installation Settings - Client Push Installation Properties - Accounts - New Account
  6. Enter in the SCCMCP user credentials (that have local admin privileges on the remote machines), click the Verify button, and type in the path to one of the shared folders on your machine.
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Client Installation Settings - Client Push Installation Properties - Accounts - New Account - Windows User Account
  7. Click Test Connection and hit OK on the Configuration Manager dialog
    1. NOTE: If this step failed, ensure your folders are being shared properly.  The sharing properties on this folder should have been configured automatically when WSUS was being installed.
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Client Installation Settings - Client Push Installation Properties - Accounts - New Account - Windows User Account - Verify
  8. Click OK

Deploy the SCCM Agent to clients

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Select Devices, right click on the client you wish to deploy the agent to and select Install Client
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Assets and Compliance - Devices - Client - Install Client
  3. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Install Configuration Manager Client Wizard - Before You Begin
  4. Check Always install the client software optionally check the others and click Next >
    1. Note: Since we only have one site, the Install the client software from a specific site option will default to your only site and in this case, since we aren’t installing the agent on a domain controller, the first checkbox won’t be applicable during installation.
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Install Configuration Manager Client Wizard - Installation Options
  5. Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Install Configuration Manager Client Wizard - Summary
  6. Click Close
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Install Configuration Manager Client Wizard - Completion

After about 5 minutes or so, you should see an entry in your start menu called Software Center. ¬†If you see this, you have successfully deployed the SCCM client! ūüôā

Windows 8 - Start Menu - System Center 2012 R2 - Software Center

System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager – Adding a Software Update Point to a Standalone Server

This guide is in continuation to my guide on deploying system center 2012 r2 configuration manager, as found here.

Definition
SUP¬†(Software Update Point) –¬†The software update point interacts with the WSUS services to configure update settings, to request synchronization to the upstream update source, and on the central site, to synchronize software updates from the WSUS database to the site server database. ¬†More details on this can be found from the following technet article:¬†http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb632674.aspx
WDS (Windows Deployment Services) – Will be used for Operating System deployment.

  1. Launch the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager console
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Console - Task Bar
  2. Click on Administration in the bottom left corner
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration
  3. Expand Site Configuration and select Servers and Site System Roles
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Servers and Site System Roles
  4. Right click on your SCCM server and select Add Site System Role
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Administration - Servers and Site System Roles - Add Site System Roles
  5. Click Next > on the General section of the wizard
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - General
  6. Click Next > on the Proxy section of the wizard
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - Proxy
  7. Check Software update point and click Next > on the System Role Selection section of the wizard
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection -Software update point
  8. Check WSUS is configured to use ports 8530 and 8531 for client communications and click Next > on the Software Update Point screen
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Software Update Point

      1. NOTE: If you have a PKI environment and want everything to be encapsulated by SSL, you can go ahead and check Require SSL communication to the WSUS server to ensure all traffic is encryptioned.
  9. Click Next > on the Proxy and Account Settings screen
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Proxy and Account Settings
  10. Click Next > on the Synchronization Source screen
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Synchronization Source
  11. Check Enable Synchronization on a schedule to set how often the check should run.  Click Next > on the Synchronization Schedule screen
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Synchronization Schedule

    1. Optionally, check Alert when synchronization fails on any site in the hierarchy to be notified if a synchronization with Microsoft fails.
  12. Click Next > on the Supersedence Rules screen
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Supersedence Rules
  13. If you will be deploying System Center Endpoint Protection (SCEP) (Microsoft’s Antivirus Solution), check Definition Updates for WSUS to download those. If you wish to have more frequent updates, check Critical Updates to have those pulled down from Microsoft as well. ¬†Click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Classifications
  14. Expand All Products, Microsoft, on the Products page and check the products you wish to download updates for.  Click Next > once done.
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Products
  15. On the languages page, select which languages you want to sync and then click Next >
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - System Role Selection - Languages
  16. Click Next > on the Summary page if everything looks correct
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - Summary
  17. Click Close if the settings have successfully applied
    System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Add Site System Roles Wizard - Completion

System Center 2012 Configuration Manager R2 (SCCM 2012 R2) Standalone Deployment

Recently, I had to install System Center 2012 Configuration Manager R2.  I have had no prior experience using this product up to this point, so I thought I would document my notes and findings while giving the installation a whirl.

Prerequisites

  • Domain Controller
    • DNS Role¬†(could be on a seperate machine)
    • DHCP Role¬†(could be on a seperate machine)
  • Server 2012 R2 instance for SCCM
    • Should be joined to the domain
    • 200GB HDD
      • 40-50GB for OS
      • 150GB for SCCM
  • Windows 7 Client for Testing
    • Should be joined to the domain

If you wish to use a different Operating System version for your server or client, you can find a list of supported configurations from the following technet article: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg682077.aspx

Here are my tutorials on deploying System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager Standalone

  1. Deploying System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager
  2. Adding a Software Update Point
  3. Discovery Methods and Boundaries
  4. Client Web Service Point and Deploying the SCCM Agent
  5. Deploying Endpoint Protection

Tutorial

  1. Manually create the System Management Container in Active Directory Domain Services
    1. From the following technet article: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb632591.aspx
      Configuration Manager does not automatically create the System Management container in Active Directory Domain Services when the schema is extended. The container must be created one time for each domain that includes a Configuration Manager primary site server or secondary site server that publishes site information to Active Directory Domain Services.

      1. Log on to one of your domain controllers
      2. From Server Manager, select Tools -> ADSI Edit
        Server Manager - ADSI Edit
      3. Right click ADSI Edit and select Connect to…
        ADSI Edit - Connect To
      4. Ensure the Connection Point is set as Default naming Context and click OK
        ADSI Edit - Connection Settings - Default naming context
      5. Expand Default naming context <FQDN>, expand <distinguished name>, right-click CN=System, click New, and then click Object
        ADSI Edit - System - New - Object
      6. In the Create Object dialog box, select Container, and then click Next
        ADSI Edit - Create Object - Container
      7. In the Value box, type System Management, and then click Next
        ADSI Edit - Create Object - System Management
      8. Click Finish
        ADSI Edit - Create Object - Finish
  2. Add Permission to the System Management Container
    1. From the following technet article: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb633169.aspx
      After you have created the System Management container in Active Directory Domain Services, you must grant the site server’s computer account the permissions that are required to publish site information to the container.

      1. On your domain controller navigate to Server Manager -> Tools -> Active Directory Users and Computers
        Server Manager - Active Directory Users and Computers
      2. Click View and select Advanced Features
        Active Directory Users and Computers - View - Advanced Features
      3. Expand your site, System, System Management and select Properties
        Active Directory Users and Computers - System - System Management - Properties
      4. On the System Management Properties dialog box select the Security Tab
        System Management Properties - General Tab
      5. Click Add.. on the Security Tab
        System Management Properties - Security Tab - Add
      6. Click the Object Types… button, check Computers, and click OK
        Select Active Directory Object - Object Types
      7. Type in the computer’s name and click OK
        Select Active Directory Object - SCCM
      8. Check Full Control on the Security Permissions for your SCCM machine
        System Management Properties - Security Tab - Full Control - SCCM
      9. Click the Advanced button, select the computer account, and click Edit
        Advanced Security Settings for System Management - SCCM
      10. Select This object and all descendant objects in the Applies to section and click OK
        Permission Entry for System Management - Advanced - SCCM
  3. Create Service Accounts for System Center in Active Directory
    1. SCCMDJ
      1. This service account is actually defined as the Task Sequence Editor Domain Joining Account.  The account is used in a task sequence to join a newly imaged computer to a domain. This account is required if you add the step Join Domain or Workgroup to a task sequence, and then select Join a domain. This account can also be configured if you add the step Apply Network Settings to a task sequence, but it is not required.
    2. SCCMCP
      1. The Client Push Installation Account is used to connect to computers and install the Configuration Manager client software if you deploy clients by using client push installation. If this account is not specified, the site server account is used to try to install the client software.  This account will need to be a local administrator on the machine we want to push software to.
    3. SCCMNA
      1. The Network Access Account is used by client computers when they cannot use their local computer account to access content on distribution points. For example, this applies to workgroup clients and computers from untrusted domains. This account might also be used during operating system deployment when the computer installing the operating system does not yet have a computer account on the domain.
    4. SCCMRA
      1. The Reporting Services Point Account is used by SQL Server Reporting Services to retrieve the data for Configuration Manager reports from the site database. The Windows user account and password that you specify are encrypted and stored in the SQL Server Reporting Services database.
    5. NOTE: There are other service accounts that can be created for SCCM other than these as well.  You can see a full listing from the following technet article (additional note, descriptions for the service accounts above were copied from this same article): http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh427337
  4. Download a copy of Microsoft System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager and Endpoint Protection from the Volume Licensing Center or the Technet Evaluation Center
    1. This is called System Center 2012 R2 Config Mgr Client Mgmt License in the Volume Licensing Center
    2. The evaluation copy can be found here: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/evalcenter/dn205297.aspx
    3. NOTE: In this tutorial, I will be using the ISO distributed from the volume licensing center
  5. Extend the Active Directory schema for Configuration Manager
    1. Mount/extract the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager media to your SCCM machine
    2. Navigate to D:\SMSSETUP\BIN\X64 (or where ever your installation media is).  Right click on a file called extadsch.exe and right click, Run as Administrator
      extadsch_exe - Run as administrator
    3. You will notice a black command prompt popup and then dissappear.  Once it has dissappeared, open the following text document: c:\ExtADSch.txt
      ExtADSch - Extended Schema Results
    4. Verify the schema has been successfully extended
      ExtADSch - Successfully extended the Active Directory Schema
  6. Install Pre-requisits to System Center Configuration Manager 2012 R2
    1. Execute the following powershell command
      1. Add-WindowsFeature Web-Windows-Auth,Web-ISAPI-Ext,Web-Metabase,Web-WMI,BITS,RDC,NET-Framework-Features,Web-Asp-Net,Web-Asp-Net45,NET-HTTP-Activation,NET-Non-HTTP-Activ,Web-Static-Content,Web-Default-Doc,Web-Dir-Browsing,Web-Http-Errors,Web-Http-Redirect,Web-App-Dev,Web-Net-Ext,Web-Net-Ext45,Web-ISAPI-Filter,Web-Health,Web-Http-Logging,Web-Log-Libraries,Web-Request-Monitor,Web-HTTP-Tracing,Web-Security,Web-Filtering,Web-Performance,Web-Stat-Compression,Web-Mgmt-Console,Web-Scripting-Tools,Web-Mgmt-Compat -Restart
        Add-WindowsFeature - SCCM Prerequisites
    2. Execute the following command
      1. C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\aspnet_regiis.exe -r
        aspnet_regiis_exe - PowerShell
      2. NOTE: Apparently there was/is? a bug in the .NET framework which causes an error later on.  Although optional, I would run this just be sure the .NET framework works properly with two different versions installed.  You can read more about this command here: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-US/library/k6h9cz8h(v=vs.80).ASPX
    3. Install Windows Server Update Services
      1. Execute the following commands (ensure you change the values to where you want the WSUS definitions and SQL server locations reside)
        1. Install-WindowsFeature -Name UpdateServices-Services,UpdateServices-DB -IncludeManagementToolsInstall-WindowsFeature -Name UpdateServices_UpdateServices-DB -IncludeManagementTools
        2. cd “c:\Program Files\Update Services\Tools”
        3. ./wsusutil.exe postinstall CONTENT_DIR=E:\WSUS sql_instance_name=SQLSERVERNAME
          wsusutil postinstall content_dir sql_instance_name
    4. Install User State Migration Tool (USMT)
      1. Download a copy of the User State Migration Tool (USMT) from Microsoft’s website:¬†http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=301570
      2. Right click and run adksetup.exe as an administrator (Click Yes if prompted by UAC)
        adksetup_exe - Run as administrator
      3. Click Next on the Specify Location screen
        Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit for Windows 8_1 - Specify Location
      4. Click Next on the Join the Customer Experience Imporovement Program (CEIP) screen
        Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit for Windows 8_1 - Join the Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP)
      5. Click Accept on the License Agreenment screen
        Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit for Windows 8_1 - License Agreement
      6. Check Deployment Tools, Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE), and User State Migration Tool (USMT), and then click Install
        Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit for Windows 8_1 - Select the features you want to install - Deployemnt Tools - Windows PE - USMT
      7. Click Close on the Welcome to Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit for Windows 8.1
        Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit for Windows 8_1 - Welcome to the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit for Windows 8_1
    5. Run Windows Updates to ensure you are fully patched
      Latest Windows Updates
  7. Install and Configure SQL Server
    1. Install SQL Server
      1. This step can vary on how you want to deploy SQL server.  In this particular environment, a SQL cluster had already been deployed in the organization, so I will take advantage of that.  However, in smaller environments, you can install the SQL Service on the same machine.  You can find a compatibility matrix and which versions of SQL Server can be installed: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/gg682077.aspx#BKMK_SupConfigSQLDBconfig
    2. If you have a remote SQL server, make sure you add the SCCM computer account as a local administrator of the SQL server.  More information on how to do that can be found in this guide: http://jackstromberg.com/2014/06/sccm-2012-r2-site-server-computer-account-administrative-rights-failed/
  8. Install System Center 2012 Configuration Manager R2
    1. Navigate to your installation media and double click on splash.hta to launch the installer
      SCCMSCEP - splash_hta

      1. NOTE: If you are doing an offline install (no internet), run the setupdl.exe installer from your installation media (example: D:\SMSSETUP\BIN\X64\setupdl.exe)
    2. Click on Install (Click Yes if prompted by UAC)
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Install
    3. Click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Before You Begin
    4. Ensure Install a Configuration Manager primary site is checked and click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Getting Started - Install a Configuration Manager primary site
    5. Enter your license key or hit Install the evaluation edition of this product and click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Install the licensed edition of this product
    6. Accept the license agreemt for the Microsoft Software License Terms
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Microsoft Software License Terms
    7. Accept the license agreements for SQL Server 2012 Express, SQL Server 2012 Native Client, and Silverlight, then click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Prerequisite Licenses
    8. Check Download required files and put them on your desktop
      1. This will grab the latest copy of SCCM.  If you need to do an offline installation, you can manually run the offline installer from your installation media (in my case: D:\SMSSETUP\BIN\X64\setupdl.exe).
        System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Prerequisite Downloads
    9. Select your language to run System Center server in and then click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Server Language Selection
    10. Select your languages to support on your client devices and click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Client Language Selection
    11. Set a site code (I would use an airport code if you only have one office in each office location), enter your site name, and then change the installation folder to use your second partition.  Once done, click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Site and Installation Settings
    12. Check Install the primary site as a stand-alone site and click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Primary Site Installation - Install the primary site as a stand-alone site
    13. Click Yes on the Configuration Manager dialog box that explains you can configure SCCM to be in a heirrachy to scale at a later time
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Primary Site Installation - Install the primary site as a stand-alone site - Dialog Confirm
    14. Enter in the SQL Server Name (FQDN) to your database server and click Next >
      1. If you installed the SQL Server service on this same machine, it should be the FQDN to your SCCM machine.  If you have a SQL Server you would like to point to, enter in the FQDN of that server.
        System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Database Information
    15. Click Next > on the Database Information screen
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Database Information
    16. Click Next > on the SMS Provider Settings
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - SMS Provider Settings
    17. Check Configure the communication method on each site system role and then click Next > if you do not have  PKI setup.  If you have a PKI implemented in your environment, you may go ahead and choose All site system roles accept only HTTPS communication from clients.
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Client Computer Communication Settings

      1. Click Yes to continue if you selected All site system roles accept only HTTPS communication from clients
        System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Client Computer Communication Settings - Confirmation Dialog
    18. Ensure Install a management point and Install a distribution point are checked and click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Site System Roles
    19. Click Next > on the Customer Experience Improvement Program
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Customer Experience Improvement Program
    20. Verify the settings you chose on the Settings Summary and then click Next >
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Settings Summary
    21. Click Begin Install on the Prerequisite Check once you have passed all of the potential issues.  In this case, I have a few that are false possitives, so I am going to go ahead with the install.
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Prerequisite Check
    22. Once done installing, hit Close
      System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager Setup - Install Completed

Try opening up the System Center 2012 R2 Configuration manager console. ¬†If it opens, congrats on your newly deployed System Center! ūüôā

System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager - Overview

[Tutorial] Deploying VMware vCloud Networking and Security 5.5

Here is a tutorial on deploying VMware vCloud Networking and Security 5.5 (formerlly called vShield).  Unlike other VMware products, this product must be installed as an appliance.  VMware provides you an OVA file that contains the entire virtual appliance, so minimal configuration is needed.  Here is a good overview of the product and how it works: http://vmwarelearning.com/vcloud_net_sec/

Before beginning, here are the following hardware prerequisites.  These prerequisites can be found from the official VMware deployment guide: http://www.vmware.com/pdf/vshield_51_quickstart.pdf

  • Memory
    • vShield Manager: 8GB allocated, 3GB reserved
    • vShield App: 1GB allocated, 1 GB reserved
    • vShield Edge compact: 256 MB, large: 1 GB, x-large: 8 GB
    • vShield Data Security: 512 MB
  • Disk Space
    • vShield Manager: 60 GB
    • vShield App: 5 GB per vShield App per ESX host
    • vShield Edge compact and large: 320 MB, lx-Large: 4.4 GB (with 4 GB swap file)
    • vShield Data Security: 6GB per ESX host
  • vCPU
    • vShield Manager: 2
    • vShield App: 2
    • vShield Edge compact: 1, large and x-Large: 2
    • vShield Data Security: 1

Installing VMware vCloud Networking and Security 5.5 Appliance

  1. Download the VMware vCloud Networking and Security 5.5 OVA file from myvmware.com
  2. Login to vCenter
  3. Select File->Deploy OVF Template…
    Deploy OVF Template...
  4. Click Browse…
    Deploy OVF Template - Browse
  5. Select the VMware-vShield-Manager-5.5.x-xxxxxxx.ova file you downloaded and click OK
    Deploy OVF Template - VMware vShield Manager Appliance
  6. Select Next >
    Deploy OVF Template - Browse - vShield Appliance
  7. Select Next >
    Deploy OVF Template - vShield Manager
  8. Select Accept and then click Next >
    Deploy OVF Template - vShield Manager - Accept EULA
  9. Enter a name for the VM and click Next >
    Deploy OVF Template - vShield Manager - Name and Location
  10. Select a datastore to place the VM on storage and click Next >
    Deploy OVF Template - vShield Manager - Deploy OVF Template
  11. Select how you want to provision the VM and click Next >
    Deploy OVF Template - vShield Manager - Disk Format
  12. Select the destination network and click Next >
    Deploy OVF Template - vShield Manager - Network Mapping
  13. Enter in a password for the default admin user and for privileged CLI access and click Next >
    Deploy OVF Template - vShield Manager - Properties - User Accounts
  14. Click Finish
    Deploy OVF Template - vShield Manager - Finish Deployment
  15. Power on the VM
    Power On vShield Appliance
  16. Open up a console the VM
  17. Login to the VM using the username admin and the “user password” you specified in step 13.
    Login vShield Appliance - CLI
  18. Type enable and hit enter (use the “privileged user¬†password” you specified in step 13).
    Login vShield Appliance - CLI - Privileged
  19. Type setup and hit enter to launch the network configuration wizard
    Enter in the static IP Address you wish to assign to the appliance and hit enter
    Enter in the Subnet Mask for your network and hit enter
    Enter in the Default gateway for your network and hit enter
    Enter in your Primary DNS server’s IP address and hit enter
    Enter in your Secondary DNS server’s IP addres and hit enter
    Enter in your domain search list (DNS Suffix if you host your own internal DNS) and hit enter
    Login vShield Appliance - CLI - Network Setup
  20. Type y to confirm your changes and hit enter
    Login vShield Appliance - CLI - Network Setup - Confirm
  21. Press control+alt+insert to send the control+alt+delete command to the VM to restart the guest.
    Note: Logging out like the wizard tells you didn’t work for me. ¬†Had to do the reboot.
    Login vShield Appliance - CLI - Network Setup - Logout
  22. Open up your webbrowser and head over to the static IP address you gave your appliance
    VMware vShield Manager - Login
  23. Enter in the username admin and the password default to login
    VMware vShield Manager - Login - Default Credentials

Configuring VMware vCloud Networking and Security 5.5 for vCenter

  1. Click on the Edit button next to Lookup Service
    vShield Manager
  2. Check Configure Lookup Service and enter in the information to your vCenter’s Lookup Service instance:
    Lookup Service Host
    Lookup Service Port
    SSO Administrator Username (should be¬†[email protected] or [email protected] if you used the default installation options)
    SSO Administrator Password.
    Click OK once configured.
    vShield Manager - Edit - Lookup Service
  3. Click Yes to trust the server’s SSL certificate
    vShield Manager - Edit - Lookup Service - Verify SSL
  4. Click Edit next to vCenter Server
    vShield Manager - vCenter Server
  5. Enter in your vCenter info and click OK
    vCenter Server
    Administrator Username
    Administrator Password
    vShield Manager - Edit - vCenter Server
  6. Select Yes to trust the vCenter SSL certificate
    vShield Manager - Edit - vCenter Server - Verify SSL
  7. Check Install this certificate and do not display any security warnings and then click the Ignore button when prompted
    VMware Security Warning - SSL Certificate
  8. Click the Edit button next to NTP Server
    vShield Manager - NTP Server
  9. Specify the IP address of the NTP server you wish to sync to and click OK
    vShield Manager - Edit - NTP Server
  10. Click the Change Password link at the top to change the default admin password.  Click OK when you are done.
    vShield Manager - Edit - Admin Password

At this point, you can begin to install the vShield App, vShield Endpoint, and vShield Data Security services by selecting one of your hosts and clicking the Install links.  However, configuration of these options is outside the scope of this tutorial.

vShield Manager - vShield Host Prepartion Status

Note: One thing that I did notice that is different from vShield 5.1 is that once vShield Manager 5.5 is synchronized with vCenter, the management plugin will automatically be registered to vCenter and you can access vShield Manager from the vSphere Client.

[Tutorial] Upgrading from ADFS 2.0 (Server 2008 R2) to ADFS 3 (Server 2012 R2)

Scenario: You want to upgrade your ADFS 2.0 or 2.1 farm using WID (Windows Internal Database) from Server 2008 R2 to Server 2012 R2.  In this scenario, I have 2 ADFS servers (one as the primary and a second for failover purposes), and 2 ADFS Proxy servers (for load balancing/failover purposes).

NOTE: Prior to writing this article I had only found limited documentation provided by Microsoft on a proper upgrade path for this.  Since then, it apperas that tools had been included with the Server 2012 installation media which will greatly cutdown on the number of steps needed as well as provide as little downtime as possible.  I would highly recommend giving this article a read before proceeding with my article: http://blogs.technet.com/b/askpfeplat/archive/2014/03/31/how-to-build-your-adfs-lab-part4-upgrading-to-server-2012-r2.aspx

My article should still work, but it is definitely not the most efficient way to do an upgrade as pointed out in the technet article above.¬† My¬†guide essentially goes over cutting over to a completely new ADFS deployment “an upgrade”, side-by-side to your production environment. As pointed out below, you cannot add a Server 2012 R2 machine to a Server 2008 R2 ADFS farm as documented in their earlier help articles.

Tutorial

  1. Login to one of your slave ADFS nodes (secondary server) running Server 2008 R2
  2. Remove the node from your load balancer
  3. Stop the AD FS 2.0 Windows Service
  4. Click Start -> Administrative Tools -> Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager Server 2008 R2 - Start - Administrative Tools - Internet Information Services IIS Manager
  5. Select your server and double click on Server Certificates Internet Information Services IIS Manager - Server Home
  6. Right click on your certificate and select Export… Internet Information Services IIS Manager - Export Certificate
  7. Export the certificate to your desktop, type in a password to protect the exported certificate/private key, and select OK
    Export Certificate Properties
  8. Copy the pfx (exported certificate/private key) to your local machine; we will import this on our new server later.
  9. Disjoin the ADFS machine from the domain
  10. Turn the ADFS machine off and retire it
  11. Create a new Server 2012 R2 machine with the same name and IP as your Server 2008 R2 ADFS machine
  12. While the new ADFS machine is being created, login to one of your ADFS proxy servers
  13. Remove the proxy from your load balancer
  14. Stop the AD FS 2.0 Windows Service
  15. Turn the machine off and retire it
  16. Create a new Server 2012 R2 machine with the same name and IP as your Server 2008 R2 ADFS Proxy machine
  17. While the new ADFS proxy machine is being created, login to your new ADFS Server 2012 R2 machine.
  18. Open up Server Manage and select Manage -> Add Roles and Features Server 2012 - Manage - Add Roles and Features
  19. On the Before You Begin screen, click Next > Add Roles and Features Wizard - Before you begin
  20. Select Role-based or feature-based installation and click Next > Add Roles and Features Wizard - Select installation type
  21. Select your server and click Next > Add Roles and Features Wizard - Select destination server
  22. Check Active Directory Federation Services and click Next > Add Roles and Features Wizard - Server Roles - Active Directory Federation Services
  23. Click Next > on Features Add Roles and Features Wizard - Features - Default
  24. Click Next > on AD FS Add Roles and Features Wizard - AD FS
  25. Click Install Add Roles and Features Wizard - Confirmation - Active Directory Federation Services
  26. Click on the Configure the federation service on this server. link once the installation has completed successfully. Add Roles and Features Wizard - Results - Configure the federation service on this server
  27. Check Create the first federation server in a federation server farm on the Welcome screen for the Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard and then click Next > Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Welcome
    1. Please see my notes below on why we did not check Create the first federation server in a federation server farm.
  28. Click Next > on the Connect to AD DS step
    Active-Directory-Federation-Services-Configuration-Wizard-Connect-to-AD-DS
  29. Copy the .pfx file we exported from the ADFS server earlier to the new ADFS server
  30. On the Specify Service Properties screen, click on the Import… button Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Specify Service Properties - Import
  31. Select your certificate and click Open Select Certificate
  32. Type in the password to the exported certificate and click OK Enter certificate password
  33. Type in a Federation Service Display Name that will be shown to your users when they login to the ADFS service (this can be anything), and click Next > Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Specify Service Properties - Federation Service Display Name
  34. On the Specify Service Account screen, click the Select… button Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Specify Service Properties - Use an existing domain user account or group Management Service Account
  35. Type in the name of your service account you wish to use for ADFS, click the Check Names button to verify you don’t have any typos, and click OK Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Specify Service Properties - Select User or Service Account
  36. Type in the password for the ADFS service account and click Next > Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Specify Service Properties - Use an existing domain user account or group Management Service Account - Username password
  37. Click Next > on the Specify Configuration Database Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Specify Database - Create a database on this server using Windows Internal Database
    1. Note: I choose to continue to use WID, you can switch to SQL if you would like now, however that is outside of the scope of this document.
  38. Click Next > on the Review Options screen Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Review Options
  39. Click the Configure button once all the prerequsite checks have passed successfully Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Pre-requisite Checks
  40. Click Close once the server has successfully been configured Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard - Results
  41. Open up Internet Explorer on the new ADFS machine and navigate to https://localhost/adfs/ls/IdpInitiatedSignon.aspx to ensure the service is properly running AD FS 3 Test
    1. Note: you should receive an invalid ssl certificate error; that is OK, we will switch the DNS records over once we are ready to transition from our old farm to the new one.
  42. Next, login to your Server 2008 R2 primary ADFS server and recreate the federation trusts on the new Server 2012 R2 primary ADFS server
    1. Start -> Administrative Tools -> AD FS 2.0 Management; select Trust Relationships -> Relying Party Trusts
    2. Recreate all the rules/trusts from your original ADFS server on your new Server 2012 R2 ADFS machine
      1. Note: If you are recreating rules for Office 365, you will need to wait until you switch over our new Server 2012 R2 environment to production. ¬†The reason is when you setup the new ADFS instance, some of the certificates will change causing a certificate mismatch/preventing your users from logging in. ¬†You will need to make sure you follow the following steps when resetting up the Office 365 trust to ensure your users don’t receive “Error 80041317”:¬†http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2647020/en-us
  43. Login to your new ADFS Proxy server
  44. Import your SSL cerficate from your old ADFS server (from step 8) onto the server’s Local Machine certificate store
    1. Right click on Start and select Run
      Server 2012 - Start - Run
    2. Type MMC and click OK
      Server 2012 - Run - mmc
    3. Click File -> Add/Remove Snap-in…
      Server 2012 - mmc - Add Remove Snap-In
    4. Select Certificates and click Add > Add or Remote Snap-ins - Certificates
    5. Select Computer account and click Next > Certificates snap-in - Computer Account
    6. Select Finish Certificates snap-in - Select Computer
    7. Click OK on the Add or Remove Snap-ins screen Add or Remove Snap-ins - Certificates - Local Computer
    8. Expand Certificates (Local Computer), select Personal, and right click, select All Tasks -> Import… Server 2012 - Certificates (Local Computer) - Personal - Import
    9. Click Next on the Certificate Import Wizard Certificate Import Wizard - Welcome
    10. Click the Browse… button Certificate Import Wizard - Browse
    11. Select your certificate and click Open Select Certificate
      1. Note: You may need to click on the dropdown box in the bottom right and select All Files for your pfx file to show up.
    12. Click Next on the File to Import screen Certificate Import Wizard - File to Import
    13. Type in the password to the pfx file, check Mark this key as exportable, and click Next Certificate Import Wizard - Private key protection
    14. Ensure Place all certificates in the following store shows Personal and click Next Certificate Import Wizard - Certificate Store
    15. Click Finish Certificate Import Wizard - Completing the Certificate Import Wizard
    16. Click OK on the Certificate Import Wizard successful dialog boxCertificate Import Wizard - Successful
  45. Edit the hosts file to point your DNS record to your new ADFS server
    1. Open Notepad as an Administrator Server 2012 - Notepad - Administrator
    2. Open the following file: C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts Server 2012 - Hosts file
    3. Add in your DNS entry and point to your new ADFS server hosts file - adfs manual entry
    4. Save the file
      1. Note: We will come back to this later and update it to point to our load balancer once we switch over everything.  For now, this lets us test our new deployment while switching things over.
  46. Open up Server Manager
    Server 2012 R2 - Server Manager
  47. Click Manage -> Add Roles and Features
    Server 2012 - Manage - Add Roles and Features
  48. Click Next > on the Before you begin screen Add Roles and Features Wizard - Before you begin
  49. Select Role-based or feature based installation and click Next > Add Roles and Features Wizard - Select installation type
  50. Select your server and click Next > Add Roles and Features Wizard - Select destination server
  51. Check Remote Access on the Server Roles screen Add Roles and Features Wizard - Remote Access
  52. Click Next > on the Features screen Add Roles and Features Wizard - Features - Default
  53. Click Next > on the Remote Access screen
  54. Check Web Application Proxy
  55. ClickAdd Features on the Add Roles and Features Wizard dialog boxAdd Roles and Features Wizard - Web Application Proxy
  56. Click Next > on the Roles Services screen Add Roles and Features Wizard - Role Services - Web Application Proxy
  57. Click Install on the Confirmation screen Add Roles and Features Wizard - Confirmation - Web Application Proxy
  58. Click on the Open the Web Application Proxy Wizard link once the installation succeeds Add Roles and Features Wizard - Confirmation - Web Application Proxy - Open the Web Application Proxy Wizard
  59. Click Next > on the Welcome screen Web Application Proxy Configuration Wizard - Welcome
  60. Type in the FQDN to your ADFS server, the credentials of an account with local admin privileges, and then click Next >Web-Application-Proxy-Configuration-Wizard-Federation-Server
  61. Select your certificate on the AD FS Proxy Certificate screen and click Next >
    Web-Application-Proxy-Configuration-Wizard-AD-FS-Proxy-Certificate
  62. Click Configure on the Confirmation screen Web Application Proxy Configuration Wizard - Confirmation
  63. Click Close once the Web Application Proxy has been successfully configured.Web-Application-Proxy-Configuration-Wizard-Results
  64. After you click close a new window should open.  On the Remote Access Management Console, select Publish
    1. Note: This step only needs to be done once.  It will replicate to all other proxy servers when you set those up at a later time.
      Remote Access Management Console - Publish
  65. Click Next > on the Welcome screen
    Publish New Application Wizard - Welcome
  66. Select Pass-through and click Next >
    Publish New Application Wizard - Preauthentication
  67. Enter in a name, external URL, and internal URL for your federated server (mine were both the same since I use split-dns).  Click Next >
    Publish New Application Wizard - Publishing Settings
  68. Click Close
    Publish New Application Wizard - Results
  69. Add the new Server 2012 R2 ADFS machine to your load balancer and remove your Server 2008 R2 machine.
  70. Add the new Server 2012 R2 ADFS Proxy machine to your load balancer and remove your Server 2008 R2 proxy machine.
  71. Update the hosts file on your Server 2012 R2 proxy machine to point to your load balanced Server 2012 R2 ADFS environment
  72. Retire your Server 2008 R2 ADFS environment
    1. Disjoin the ADFS proxy server from the domain and recycle the machine
    2. Open up PowerShell as an Administrator
      Elevated Powershell
    3. Execute the following commands:
      1. Add-PsSnapin Microsoft.Adfs.Powershell
        Get-AdfsProperties
        get-adfsproperties certificatesharingcontainer
    4. Stop the service on your Server 2008 R2 ADFS machine running the old ADFS farm
    5. Execute the following command to remove the ADFS Farm info from AD (substituting in the information from the Get-AdfsProperties command):
      1. $delme = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.DirectoryEntry(“LDAP://CN=484e24a8-5726-4186-8e24-825b77920798,CN=ADFS,CN=Microsoft,CN=Program Data,DC=mydomain,DC=local“)
        $delme.DeleteTree()
        PowerShell DeleteTree
    6. Disjoin the ADFS machine from the domain and recycle the machine
  73. Add a new Server 2012 R2 machine and WAP machine to your new ADFS environment for redudnancy (same steps as above, except in Step 27, you will select Add a federation server to federation server farm

Notes: Here is the upgrade compatibility matrix for upgrading ADFS from a specific version to Server 2012: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj647765.aspx

Why did I not check Add a federation server to a federation server farm on the Welcome screen for the Active Directory Federation Services Configuration Wizard?

The reason behind not checking this is I believe Microsoft has a bug in their discovery tool in adding another machine to a farm running ADFS 3.0.  When adding a Server 2012 R2 machine to a farm with only Server 2008 R2 machines running ADFS 2.0, you will receive the following error:

The primary federation server was contacted successfully, but the configuration data was not valid. Ensure that the primary federation server is running Windows Server 2012 R2 or later. Unable to retrieve configuration from the primary server. The primary federation server was contacted successfully, but the configuration data was not valid. Ensure that the primary federation server is running Windows Server 2012 R2 or later. Prerequisites Check Completed One or more prerequisites failed. ¬†Please fix these issues and click “Rerun prerequisites check” The primary federation server was contacted successfully, but the configuration data was not valid. Ensure that the primary federation server is running Windows Server 2012 R2 or later

Symptom: You receive the following error while setting up the WAP (proxy) server:

An error occurred when attempting to establish a trust relationship with the federation service. Error: Not Found An error occurred when attempting to establish a trust relationship with the federation service Error Not Found

Resolution: Make sure you update the DNS records of your ADFS deployment to point to your new ADFS server.  Both the ADFS proxy and ADFS server must be running the same OS version (in this case, Server 2012 R2).

[Tutorial] Rooting and Installing Cyanogenmod 11 (Android 4.4 KitKat) w/ Google Apps on the Droid RAZR Maxx

Here are my notes on rooting and installing Cyanogenmod 11 (Android 4.4 KitKat) on my Motorola RAZR Maxx.  This guide follows almost the exact same steps as my previous guide found here: http://jackstromberg.com/2013/09/tutorial-rooting-and-installing-cyanogenmod-10-2-w-google-apps-on-the-droid-razr-maxx/

If you followed my previous tutorial and are trying to upgrade to Cyanogenmod 11, follow this guide starting at step 18.  If you receive Error Status 6 when installing new Cyanogenmod version, please see the notes at the bottom of this guide.

By reading this, you are agreeing that I take no responsibility for what you do with your phone, nor will send me angry emails saying I janked your phone.

  1. Enable USB debugging
    1. Settings->Developer Options->Enable Developer options at the top-> (Hit ok on the notification asking for Allow development settings)->Check USB debugging (Click OK on the Allow USB debugging? dialog).
  2. Download a copy of latest build of Cyanogenmod
    1. http://wiki.cyanogenmod.org/w/Spyder_Info
    2. I am going to live on the edge and install a nightly to get to 11. ¬†If you don’t want bugs, use a stable version (As of right now (12/21/2013), Cyanogenmod has not officially released a stable version of Cyanogenmod 11 for the Droid RAZR Maxx).
    3. Notes: I found a pretty sweet page that lists the nightly changes to the rom.  If you are curious, you can view the nightly changes here: http://www.cmxlog.com/11/spyder/
  3. Download a copy of Google Apps
    1. http://wiki.cyanogenmod.org/w/Gapps
    2. By default, Cyanogenmod cannot ship with Google Apps due to legality reasons,¬†so these will need to be installed manually. ¬†Without these, you will not have Google Play, Music, Maps, etc. ¬†In this case, grab a copy of gApps for 11. ¬†If you don’t have a program to download torrent files, you will need to download the gApps package from the AFH link provided on the cyanogenmod page.
  4. Download a copy of RazrBlade, which we will use to exploit the phone and gain root access:
    1. For Windows: http://cmw.cmfs.me/razrblade/razr_blade_win.zip
    2. For Mac: http://cmw.cmfs.me/razrblade/razr_blade_mac.zip
    3. For Linux: http://cmw.cmfs.me/razrblade/razr_blade_linux.zip
  5. Extract the files of the razr_blade_XXX.zip archive.
  6. If you are running windows, download a copy of the Motorola drivers to connect your phone.
    1. Motorola x86 drivers: http://goo.im/devs/Hashcode/moto_root/Motorola_End_User_Driver_Installation_5.9.0_32bit.msi
      Motorola x64 drivers: http://www.adbtoolkit.com/drivers/applications/motorola/Motorola_End_User_Driver_Installation_5.9.0_64bit.msi
  7. Run through the Motorola driver installation if you are running windows.
  8. Plug your phone in to your machine
  9. Navigate back to the files you extracted, right click Run.bat, run as Administrator
    1. If you are on Linux, execute RootLinux.sh and if you are on Mac OS, execute RootMac.sh
  10. Press any key to continue
    Razr Blade - Phase 1
  11. Once your phone has completed phase one (which ends up with a reboot of the phone), complete the following tasks on your phone
    1. Click Apps->SmartActions->Get Started->Next->Battery Saver->Save->Home button
  12. Press any key to continue¬†with “Phase two”
    Razr Blade - Phase 2

    1. Your phone will reboot again
    2. Phase four will start
    3. Your phone will reboot again
  13. After phase four completes, you should be notified the phone has been rooted.
    1. Phase 3 & 4
      Notes: I received some permission errors the first time I ran through this (as shown in the picture above).  I ended up rebooting the phone, making sure I had the latest version of SmartActions and then reran the batch file.  After that, I was able to successfully get the Superuser program (which we talk about next) to run.
  14. Next, grab a copy of Superuser.apk (included inside the razr_blade zip file) and copy it over to the SD card.
  15. At this time, copy over the cyanogenmod zipped file you downloaded earlier.  Throw it on the root of your SD card.
  16. Copy over the gApps zip file we downloaded earlier and throw that on the root of your SD card as well.
  17. Disconnect the phone from the computer and install the SuperUser application.  Apps->Files->SD Card->Superuser.apk, Install, Open.  If it asks to update, go ahead and allow it to update the binaries.
  18. Next, grab a copy of SafeStrap.  We will use this as the bootstrap to flash your phone to Cyanogenmod as well as provide an easy way to switch between different ROMs.
    1. https://goo.im/devs/Hashcode/spyder/safestrap/Safestrap-Spyder-3.73.apk
  19. Copy the file over to your phone
  20. Apps->Files->SD card->Safestrap-Spyder-3.73.apk->Package installer->Install->Open
  21. Hit Ok when prompted for superuser privileges, and then select Agree.
  22. Once inside the Safestrap application, click Install Recovery.
    1. Once installed, you should see the Recovery State say Installed
  23. Reboot your phone
  24. When you see the Safestrap splash screen, hit the Menu button on your phone.
  25. Once you have hit the Menu button, there will be a brief delay where you screen goes black and then redirects you to one with a couple of big buttons.  Push the button labeled Boot Options.
  26. Push the ROM-Slot-1 button.
  27. Select the size of your data store and then hit Activate.
    1. Note: This is the amount of space in the partition for Cyanogenmod operating system and associated apps. If you plan to only use the one slot, I would set the slot to 3GB. If you are going to be using multiple ROM slots and space was is an issue you might want to lower the allocation.
  28. Once it is done doing its shindig, hit the back button twice to get to the screen that shows Boot Options, Install, Backup, Restore, Mount, Wipe, Advanced, and Reboot.
  29. Push the Install button.
    1. Note, if the Install button is Red, you are going to override your stock ROM.  Make sure that you have activated ROM-Slot-1 before proceeding.
  30. Scroll down and select the Cyanogenmod zip file you copied to the SD card earlier.
  31. Swipe the “Swipe to Confirm Flash” area to begin flashing your phone with Cyanogenmod.
  32. Once done, it should say Successful in blue text.  Hit the Wipe cache/dalvik button.
    1. Swipe the Swipe to Wipe area (lol)
  33. Hit the Back button.
  34. Hit the Reboot System button.
  35. At this point, you should be greeted by the Cyanogenmod welcome screen upon boot.  I opted out of the Cyangenmod account and decided to continue on.
  36. Next, we need to install Google Apps on the phone.  To do this, reboot the phone and press the Menu button when you see the SafeStrap splash screen.
    1. Note: Google Apps are totally optional.  If you want to roll with Stock Cyanogenmod and manually install apps via their APK files for ultra security, that is totally cool.
    2. Note 2: If you receive an error saying “unable to mount ‘/osh’ gapps”, simply ignore the error and boot back into Cyanogenmod. ¬†I received this error, but all the Google Apps seemed to have installed just fine.
  37. Hit the Install button.
  38. Select the gApps zip file from your SD card
  39. Swipe the Swipe to Confirm Flash area
  40. Once the apps have been successfully installed, hit the Wipe cache/dalvik button.
  41. Swipe the Swipe to Wipe area
  42. Hit the Back button
  43. Hit the Reboot System button
  44. Once you are greeted by a “Allow Google’s location service to collect anonymous location data.” prompt, you will know you have successfully installed the Google apps! ūüėõ

That should do it! ¬†Enjoy Cyanogenmod 11! ūüôā

Notes:

If you receive the following error when trying to install the Cyanogenmod 11 package:

Finding update package…
Opening update package…
Installing update…
E: Error in /sdcard-ext/cm-11-2013-12-21-NIGHTLY-spyder.zip (Status 6)
Error flashing zip ‘/sdcard-ext/cm-11-2013-12-21-NIGHTLY-spyder.zip’

Please make sure you have upgraded to the latest version of SafeStrap.  SafeStrap v3.65 or higher must be installed for Cyanogenmod 11 to properly install.  As a heads up, you will need to open the SafeStrap app and press the Install Recovery button to actually get SafeStrap to upgrade to the latest version.  Simply upgrading the SafeStrap apk file will NOT complete the upgrade.

P.S. Here is the official Cyanogenmod info page for the Motorola Droid RAZR/RAZR MAXX (CDMA)
http://wiki.cyanogenmod.org/w/Spyder_Info